Index       First exercise

The Perfect tense

The PERFECT tense is used to talk about something you have done.  To form you use the following structure:

HABER + past participle

The parts of HABER in the present are:

                      he / has / ha / hemos / habéis / han

The past participle is formed by adding -ado to the stem of ar verbs, and by adding -ido to the stem of er and ir verbs. Both parts are then put together.

Por ejemplo:

 tomar

 comer

 vivir

he tomado

has tomado

ha tomado

hemos tomado

habéis tomado

han tomado

he comido

has comido

ha comido

hemos comido

habéis comido

han comido

he vivido

has vivido

ha vivido

hemos vivido

habéis vivido

han vivido

2. The Spanish perfect is used just as the English and is translated as ‘I have…’, ‘you have…’, ‘he has…’ etc.

Han llegado temprano.
They have arrived early.

Note - The past participle is invariable – it doesn’t change in spelling, only the corresponding part of HABER changes.

Note - The auxiliary HABER is never separated from the past participle.

Note – If the sentence is in the negative form, the NO goes before both parts of the perfect tense.

Index       First exercise

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