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The Imperfect Subjunctive

 There is only one set of endings in the imperfect subjunctive, regardless if the verb ends in -Ar ,-Ir or -Er.

Yo

Él, ella, usted

Nosotros*

Vosotros

Ellos, ellas, Uds.

ra

ras

ra

ramos

rais

ran

* Note: the Nosotros form has an accent on the vowel that immediately precedes the "r" in "-ramos."

 

You form the imperfect subjunctive by taking the third person plural (Ellos, ellas, ustedes) form of the preterite past tense, and then adding the appropriate Imperfect subjunctive ending.

For example:

1) Tener

2) Tuvieron (the Preterite 3rd person plural)

3) Drop the "-ron" ending:   tuvie-

4) Add one of the appropriate "-ra/ -ras/ -ra/ -'ramos/ -rais/ -ran" endings

Examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive:

 

Yo

Él, ella, usted

Nosotros

 

Vosotros

 

Ellos, ellas, Uds.

Hablar

hablara

hablaras

hablara

habláramos

hablarais

hablaran

Comer

comiera

comieras

comiera

comiéramos

comierais

comieran

Vivir

viviera

vivieras

viviera

viviéramos

vivierais

vivieran

 

 

NOTE: There are two different endings for the Imperfect Subjunctive, ie –RA (the one dealt here) and –SE endings which is dealt with in another unit.

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